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history

History

Cobalt: Reclaiming the ancient Indigenous silver mining trade

Long before an amateur prospector struck it rich near Cobalt Lake in northern Ontario, local Indigenous nations mined and traded silver. It’s time to set the record straight on the “discovery” of Canada’s immense resource wealth.

  • 1545 words
  • 7 minutes

Kids

People & Culture

Indigenous Peoples Atlas of Canada, teacher's guide and Giant Floor Map launch

People & Culture

Groundbreaking Indigenous resources promote reconciliation

First Nations, Métis and Inuit leaders gather on Parliament Hill for the launch of the Indigenous Peoples Atlas of Canada's Giant Floor Map and teacher's guide, now available across the country

  • 628 words
  • 3 minutes

People & Culture

Catherine McKenna on diversity in politics, internet trolls, and cold-water swimming

Episode 28

A century after the first woman was elected to the Canadian Parliament, one of the most prominent figures in present-day politics shares her thoughts on how to amplify diverse voices in the Commons

  • 22 minutes
Indspire, award winners, Indigenous

People & Culture

2018 Indspire Awards honour Indigenous excellence

A look at the winners of the 25th annual awards

  • 625 words
  • 3 minutes
Sandy Ward stands on a mountain

People & Culture

Reclaiming Indigenous matriarchy with Sandy Ward

The latest in our Colour the Trail series

  • 1139 words
  • 5 minutes
Seitcher Bay and Chitapii Mountain

People & Culture

The International Indigenous Music Summit has gone digital

We caught up with Indigenous filmmaker Sarain Fox to talk Giiwewizh — a series of 16 short films directed and shot in isolation on iPhone 12

  • 1304 words
  • 6 minutes

indigenous

rcgs

People & Culture

RCGS celebrates Indigenous languages with National Chief Perry Bellegarde and Wade Davis

The Society hosted a panel discussion on Indigenous languages to mark the UN International Year of Indigenous Languages

  • 367 words
  • 2 minutes
Alex Janvier photographed by Amber Bracken

People & Culture

The story behind “Thirteen Moons,” a new work by Alex Janvier

Celebrated Indigenous artist Alex Janvier's new work is a circular mural inspired by the traditional lunar calendar. Here's how it came to be.

  • 527 words
  • 3 minutes

People & Culture

Gold Medal presented to former Prime Minister Paul Martin

The 21st Prime Minister of Canada received the award in recognition of his distinguished career in public service and dedication to reconciliation efforts

  • 541 words
  • 3 minutes
National Arts Centre setup

People & Culture

Eight awesome things that happened at the 2018 RCGS Fellows Dinner

Remembering Louie Kamookak, a new Explorer-in-Residence and other highlights from the 89th Annual College of Fellows Dinner

  • 1633 words
  • 7 minutes
rcgs awards ceremony

People & Culture

Presenting the 2019 RCGS award winners

In celebration of its 90th year, the RCGS handed out awards to a diverse and star-studded roster of honourees

  • 2464 words
  • 10 minutes

Environment

education

Witsuwit'en language camp

People & Culture

How a B.C. First Nation is working to save their language from extinction

As the federal government prepares to move forward with its promised Indigenous language legislation, the Witsuwit’en Language and Culture Society is hoping for a language renaissance in Canada

  • 873 words
  • 4 minutes

Mapping

Bulk Search Results

History

50 years of multiculturalism: Where lived experiences make history

Dora Nipp, CEO of the Multicultural History Society of Ontario, reflects on the importance of chronicling migrant, ethnic and Indigenous stories as an essential means to understanding Canada in the 20th century and beyond

  • 1134 words
  • 5 minutes

People & Culture

Perry Bellegarde on reconnecting with language and ceremony

Episode 31

The First Nations political leader and Honorary President of the Royal Canadian Geographical Society reflects on his childhood on reserve and his role as an oskâpêwis — a Cree word meaning helper

  • 37 minutes
Mountains, sea ice in Nunavut's Sirmilik National Park

Places

Eight Canadian places that could become UNESCO World Heritage Sites

A look at the fascinating sites Parks Canada has proposed for UNESCO World Heritage Site designation

  • 1119 words
  • 5 minutes
Duo Lakes near the Snake River in the Peel watershed area in Yukon.

Environment

In the Supreme Court’s Peel watershed decision, signs of hope for a new land power paradigm

To many, the Yukon appears to be the vanguard of a growing Indigenous land power movement in Canada centred mostly in the North

  • 1056 words
  • 5 minutes
Google Earth Voyager story about Canada's original place names

Kids

Exploring Canada’s original place names with Google Earth

Google Earth Voyager story highlights place names and naming practices of Indigenous Peoples across Canada

  • 285 words
  • 2 minutes
Future of Michif program launch Gilles Gagnier Sherry Soll Glen McCallum

Kids

Métis Nation-Saskatchewan, Canadian Geographic launch program to revive the Michif language

The Future of Michif program aims to inspire the next generation of Métis to learn their traditional language and educate Canadians on Métis history and culture

  • 450 words
  • 2 minutes
Dalee Sambo Dorough speaks at the Inuit Circumpolar Council’s General Assembly

People & Culture

Interview: Dalee Sambo Dorough of the Inuit Circumpolar Council

The Inuit Circumpolar Council’s chair on how Inuit are speaking up about climate change with a global voice

  • 1225 words
  • 5 minutes
Harland Smalleyes, a dancer representing the Stoney Nakoda and Blackfoot First Nations, performs during the 2017 Stampede

People & Culture

Photos: A celebration of First Nations at the Calgary Stampede

Beyond the rodeo and the chuckwagon races, the Calgary Stampede is one of the country’s longest-running public celebrations of Indigenous cultures

  • 858 words
  • 4 minutes

People & Culture

Kahkiihtwaam ee-pee-kiiweehtataahk: Bringing it back home again

The story of how a critically endangered Indigenous language can be saved

  • 6310 words
  • 26 minutes
truth and reconciliation commission bentwood box

People & Culture

Truth and reconciliation and a sacred bentwood box

During Truth and Reconciliation Commission events, personal items were placed in a carved bentwood box to symbolize the journey toward reconciliation. How far have we come?

  • 2099 words
  • 9 minutes
A closeup of the Snuxyaltwa pole at the ancient village of Talyu, in B.C.'s Bella Coola Valley

People & Culture

The resurgence of the Nuxalk

In British Columbia’s Bella Coola Valley, the next generation of Nuxalk culture-keepers and Guardian Watchmen is establishing a new paradigm for Indigenous rights

  • 4051 words
  • 17 minutes

People & Culture

Why Indigenous languages matter

Multilingualism is at the heart of Canada‘s identity. It’s also a matter of decency and human rights. 

  • 1138 words
  • 5 minutes
Two people watch a video at the UNCEDED exhibit

People & Culture

Indigenous design subject of new exhibit at Canadian Museum of History

UNCEDED: Voices of the Land features 18 of North America’s foremost Indigenous architects and designers

  • 670 words
  • 3 minutes
2019 Indspire award winners group photo

People & Culture

Meet the winners of the 2019 Indspire Awards

Twelve Indigenous people honoured for their extraordinary work across Canada

  • 1157 words
  • 5 minutes
Gidin Jaad Erica Jean Ryan, right, runs through lines with an actor in Sgaawaay K’uuna, The Edge of the Knife, a Haida-language film that premieres next week at the Toronto International Film Festival.

People & Culture

Indigenous language learners on the rise in B.C.

“The more I learn, the more I realize that it’s my responsibility to teach”

  • 1070 words
  • 5 minutes
Iqaluit

People & Culture

Indigenous, Inuit concerned about health systems, lost knowledge with COVID-19

Indigenous and Inuit communities are expressing concern as the threat of COVID-19 comes nearer to their communities

  • 529 words
  • 3 minutes
Patrick hunter sits with artisan canoe paddle

People & Culture

Interview: Ojibway artist Patrick Hunter talks about his latest collaboration

The painter and graphic designer discusses his roots, his craft — and his new collection of artisan canoe paddles

  • 1086 words
  • 5 minutes
Cover of Reclaiming Tom Longboat: Indigenous Self-Determination in Canadian Sport and author Janice Forsyth

People & Culture

Tom Longboat, Indigenous self-determination and discrimination in sport

A new book remembers famed the Onondaga distance runner and explores how Canada uses sport to police Indigenous bodies and identities

  • 1470 words
  • 6 minutes
Adrian Sutherland

People & Culture

Q&A: Attawapiskat, Ont. musician Adrian Sutherland on the story behind his First Nations rights protest song

Sutherland hopes to inspire more Canadians to consider issues of reconciliation with debut single, “Politician Man’”

  • 683 words
  • 3 minutes

People & Culture

Five newly digitized Indigenous archival records

Viewers can help Library and Archives Canada transcribe archival documents by clicking “Contribute” below each record

  • 330 words
  • 2 minutes

People & Culture

Amet*: Understanding the Beothuk

*It means “awake” in Beothuk, the language and people who once called present-day Newfoundland home for about 2,000 years. One young woman, believed to be the last living Beothuk, left a collection of maps and art that help us understand her people’s story.

  • 3378 words
  • 14 minutes
Climber makes wide step over crevasse

People & Culture

Indigenous climbing with Cassie Ayoungman

Part of our Colour the Trails series

  • 1205 words
  • 5 minutes
Dundas street sign with stop light and stop sign

People & Culture

Renaming places: how Canada is reexamining the map

The history behind the Dundas name change and how Canadians are reckoning with place name changes across the country — from streets to provinces

  • 4574 words
  • 19 minutes

People & Culture

Our favourite books of 2018

Memoirs, a graphic novel and the biography of a famous ship are among Canadian Geographic's choices for the 14 best books of the year

  • 1847 words
  • 8 minutes

People & Culture

$1-million Arctic Inspiration Prize goes to Indigenous wellness project

Seven other projects also share the more than $2.4 million in prize money awarded at Ottawa event

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  • 2 minutes
Members of the Pirurvik project accepting their award

People & Culture

Inuit preschool, Yukon cold-climate greenhouse among winners of 2018 Arctic Inspiration Prize

A total of $2,566,000 was awarded to five Northern Indigenous programs at a ceremony in Whitehorse Feb. 12

  • 876 words
  • 4 minutes

People & Culture

The cod delusion

A moratorium on cod fishing that was supposed to last two years has now lasted 30. What will it take to rebuild cod stocks — and a way of life?

  • 3119 words
  • 13 minutes
FirstVoices Keyboards

People & Culture

First Nations turn to tech to save endangered languages

The latest app from FirstVoices allows users to type, text and post to social media in more than 100 indigenous languages

  • 270 words
  • 2 minutes

People & Culture

Excerpt from British Columbia in Flames: Stories from a Blazing Summer

'You don’t get over a fire as big as the Elephant Hill fire in a hurry.'

  • 2059 words
  • 9 minutes

People & Culture

Legacy of Canada’s role in atomic bomb is felt by northern Indigenous community

In the case of what happened to the people of Délı̨nę, the Moral Awakening film calls for an awakening in the form of a call to action

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  • 5 minutes

People & Culture

This canoe expedition program provides school credit to Indigenous youth

Matawa Learning Centre pilots a Grade 12 experiential education course that teaches indigenous youth about water safety and leadership while traveling along traditional canoe routes

  • 1383 words
  • 6 minutes
University at Buffalo PhD candidate Alia Lesnek at a sampling site on Suemez Island. Photo: Jason Briner

People & Culture

First North American peoples may have arrived by sea, study finds

Researchers studying the history of ice sheets around northern British Columbia found that a coastal migration route may have been a pathway to North America 

  • 495 words
  • 2 minutes
Woodcut of Pierre-Esprit Radisson next to cover of Mark Bourrie's book

History

Adventurer, turncoat, cannibal: the remarkable story of Pierre-Esprit Radisson

In his new book Bush Runner: The Adventures of Pierre-Esprit Radisson, Mark Bourrie examines the larger-than-life legacy of the French-Canadian fur trader 

  • 1058 words
  • 5 minutes
Ivvavik National Park landscape

Places

Six sites awaiting UNESCO World Heritage status

Parks Canada wants the public to nominate Canadian places worthy of UNESCO World Heritage status. Here are the six sites still on the waiting list.

  • 925 words
  • 4 minutes
Amazon Rainforest Fire

Environment

Op-ed: The Amazon fires are back — and the consequences affect us all

Bioethicist and conservationist Kerry Bowman on the 2020 Amazonian forest fires — as bad, or worse than 2019's — and why Canadians should be very concerned

  • 1158 words
  • 5 minutes
Climate strike Victoria BC

Environment

Why Canada should recognize its citizens’ environmental rights

David Boyd, a Canadian environmental lawyer and UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment, reveals how recognizing the human right to a healthy environment can spur positive action for the planet

  • 1468 words
  • 6 minutes
Cates Park in North Vancouver

Environment

Consultation, consent and the Trans Mountain pipeline

RCGS research grantee Erin Hanson provides context to the federal government's approval of the Trans Mountain Expansion Project that will traverse Tsleil-Waututh Nation territory in Vancouver

  • 544 words
  • 3 minutes

Environment

How Haida Gwaii’s unique geography helped the Indigenous struggle for independence

In The Haida Gwaii Lesson: A Strategic Playbook for Indigenous Sovereignty, award-winning journalist Mark Dowie explores Haida Gwaii and the people who call it home. Below is an excerpt from the book. 

  • 1460 words
  • 6 minutes

Environment

How earthquake scientists solved the mystery of the last “Big One” in the Pacific Northwest

British Columbia, Washington State and Oregon sit on a fault line that is capable of producing some of the strongest earthquakes on the planet. A new book reveals it’s not a matter of if, but when the next “Big One” will strike.

  • 1677 words
  • 7 minutes

Exploration

Canada’s 90 Greatest Explorers: Going beyond

Part of our roundup of 90 of Canada’s greatest explorers, these 17 explorers boldly went where few have dared

  • 944 words
  • 4 minutes