From Canada’s early First Nations and Inuit cultures to European exploration, Confederation, women’s suffrage, wartime and beyond.
A map of the D-Day landing sites on Juno Beach and the surrounding communities (left). Canadian soldiers from Quebec’s Régiment de la Chaudière speak with residents of Bernières-sur-Mer on D-Day, June 6, 1944.
(Map: Detail of Juno area, Beach Chartlet. n.s., 1944, issued for Fleet Purposes by the Hydrographic Dept. of the Admiralty, 18th Feb. 1944 under the Superintendence of Vice-Admiral Sir John Edgell K.B.E., C.B., F.R.S., Hydrographer, 1944, Ian William Workman fonds, Library and Archives Canada, e011297133. Photo: Canadian soldiers, including Capt. M.A. Cardinal, from Régiment de la Chaudière with residents of Bernières-sur-Mer on June 6, 1944, Library and Archives Canada/Department of National Defence fonds/e010750632)
Ken McGoogan’s new book encompasses both the eviction of Scots from their homelands and their efforts to settle in pre-Confederation Canada. “Summer View in the environs of the Company Fort Douglas on the Red River,” by artist Peter Rindisbacher, depicts the early years of the Manitoba settlement, but cannot evoke the extreme hardship and conflict that defined the experience. (Left: HarperCollins; right: Library and Archives Canada, Acc. No. 1988-250-37)
A 1945 map of Eastern Canada and a picture of Joey Smallwood taken in 1949.
(Map: Detail of Geological map of the Dominion of Canada, map 820A [1 sheet of 2], published by Department of Mines and Resources, Mines and Geology Branch, Bureau of Geology and Topography, 1945, Robert Alexander MacKay fonds, Library and Archives Canada, e011202575. Photo: Joey R. Smallwood, 11 Jan. 1949, © Yousuf Karsh, Yousuf Karsh fonds, Library and Archives Canada, e004665476-v6.
The Flag Committee (left) began its deliberations with a sense of historical mission and in a spirit of cooperation. It wouldn’t last. Nevertheless, on Feb. 15, 1965, Canada had a new national flag to raise (right) at a celebration in front of Parliament’s Centre Block. (Left: Queen’s University Archives, John Matheson Fonds, Locator #2131; right: Duncan Cameron/Duncan Cameron/PA-168019, Library and Archives Canada)