How to stop a gold rush
The new movement building flourishing tourism hubs across Canada – one sustainable example at a time
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I’M SLIDING ACROSS the bottom of an ocean. More precisely, an ocean hundreds of millions of years old thrust some 2,700 metres into the sky. No worries, though — the same sun that once bathed these ancient reefs shines on in a clear blue sky, and the rocky seafloor is nicely cushioned by a generous amount of Canada’s lightest snow — the kind skiers go gaga for. Not only that but I have, in a single leisurely run today on this treeless expanse, skied from Alberta into British Columbia and back again along the Continental Divide, stitching together a drainage that tilts west to the Pacific with one trickling eastward on a long, convoluted journey to the Atlantic. Add in the vista of the extensive lift network I’ve ridden all day and a plethora of fellow skiers enjoying three adjacent mountains like ants at so many picnics, and clearly there is much going on at Sunshine Village ski area outside Banff, Alberta.
Located as it is in the enduring wilderness of venerable Banff National Park, there is also, paradoxically, very little going on. From my vantage atop Lookout Mountain, no other sign of civilization mars the horizon. Only the serrations of the vaunted Rocky Mountains, with icons such as Mount Assiniboine — Canada’s Matterhorn — punctuating the view. Ascending this morning on a 20-minute gondola ride from the shadowy parking lot below imposing Mount Bourgeau to a scatter of buildings that include a vintage, log-walled warden’s cabin and the ultra-modern Sunshine Mountain Lodge, I can’t help but feel gloriously isolated up here — the same feeling that has drawn skiers to this aerie since 1929.
Much of my skiing today has been on the kind of wide-open, impeccably groomed slopes skiers refer to as “cruisers.” But atop Lookout, my ski tips hang in space above Delirium Dive, one of the world’s top off-piste descents, a dizzying run that distills ski history, forces of nature and the trade-offs that come with commercial development in a national park. It just so happens that this stew of historical and contemporary, isolated but accessible, is a microcosm of the very best skiing Alberta has to offer.
DISCOUNT THE SMALL RIVER-VALLEY ski areas edging most of its Prairie cities, and skiing in Alberta is all about the Front Range of the Rockies: tilted limestone layer cakes skirted in vast swaths of untouched forest, constellated by glaciers and the robin’s-egg-blue lakes gathered at their feet, scenery lauded as some of the world’s most impressive — even by Europeans, who know something of mountain beauty.
Alberta’s top ski destinations all lie within the UNESCO World Heritage collective that includes Banff and Jasper national parks, linked by the Bow Valley Parkway between Banff and Lake Louise, and the world famous Icefields Parkway joining the latter to the town of Jasper and Marmot Basin, where I’d begun my most recent Front Range ski trip.
Driving north, Marmot spun into view just before Jasper proper, a series of compact ribbons falling toward the broad valley of the Athabasca River. Any notions that it was a small area, however, were laid quickly to rest by terrain unseen from the road. Marmot skis large: a spectrum of broad pistes in the European tradition mix liberally with chunks of legitimate alpine adventure surrounding the Knob and Eagle Ridge chairs. Amazingly, though the last snowfall was many days previous, the treed glades of Eagle East delivered lingering powder, testament to the low mid-week traffic of an area where I never once waited to board a lift.
While the upper mountain deposits you at the hewed-wood warmth of Paradise Lodge, lower runs gather meticulously toward a family-friendly base and a spacious new chalet. Despite increasing numbers of international visitors, Marmot still vibes “Prairie folk,” and parking lots stacked with Alberta plates translated to all eyes in the airy Caribou Lounge glued to a televised women’s curling match between Saskatchewan and Alberta.
With Edmonton four hours distant, many Marmot skiers stay at historic Jasper Park Lodge, originally of the palatial Canadian Pacific Railway hotel chain. Located on the outskirts of a modest town whose three-storey build limit likens it, in some minds, to an early version of Banff, the lodge delivers unparalleled northwoods chic. Outside, steam from a heated pool mixes with mist from the nearby Athabasca, cross-country trails braid the grounds where elk wander uninhibited, and a skating loop circles a small lake. If you had to leave this idyll behind, as I did, the Icefields Parkway offered a perfect exit.
IN WINTER, the Canadian roadway that enjoys more world-renown than any other is spectacular in a different kind of way; gone are summer’s aquamarine lakes, wandering wildlife and thick tourist traffic, replaced by an empty road, the windpluming off razor peaks and a patina of white running to every horizon. The way the high, snow-limned ridges connect to glaciers, the glaciers to treed moraines and the moraines to valley bottoms speaks to the Pleistocene forces that shaped this place — as does virtually everything about Lake Louise Ski Resort.
It’s hard to say which is more stunning: the gaze from Whitehorn Mountain across the Bow Valley to Princess Louise’s eponymous lake, Valley of the Ten Peaks and Mount Temple, or the battleship ramparts of Redoubt Mountain viewed from the area’s Larch sector. Either way, you can’t avoid any of this breathtaking wallpaper; awe is part of the ski experience here.
Many of the runs on the front side of Whitehorn, where the leg-burning Summit platter-lift deposits you on its peak, ski like a winding downhill course — no surprise given the revered World Cup races that take place here annually. But when it snows, skiers and snowboarders are drawn to Louise’s ample backside, where a variety of powdery back bowls and tree runs remind visitors just how big and diverse the resort is.
The village of Lake Louise presents another great overnight destination for skiers, whether it’s the creaking comfort of Deer Lodge, the opulent hominess of the Post Hotel (featuring one of Canada’s largest wine cellars) or venerable Chateau Lake Louise with its stone fireplaces, anachronistic animal heads and walls adorned with photos from the golden age of Canadian mountaineering. As elsewhere in the Banff-Jasper corridor, halls here echo with the names of guides, instructors and builders whose varied efforts connect all of Front Range ski history: Monod, Brewster, Whyte and others. In the Lakeview Lounge — familiar from colourful Canadian Pacific Railway posters of yore — soaring windows deliver the hanging Victoria Glacier, framed by mounts Victoria and Fairview. On the forest-encircled, ice-covered lake below might be a wedding, skaters, cross-country skiers or a horse-drawn sleigh ride.
While the winter scene here can strike you as timeless, the skiing at Louise can do so as well. From the resort’s Temple Lodge, it’s an easy but stunning 11-kilometre tour on cross-country skis (or alpine gear with climbing skins) into historic Skoki Lodge, the first facility built specifically to cater to ski-tourists in North America. Buried in a valley beneath majestic peaks, arriving at the snow-covered log structure always feels like going back in time, the interior virtually unchanged from the day it opened in 1931 — wooden skis and snowshoes adorn a large stone fireplace and the aroma of fresh bread and soup stirs the air. Operated by Lake Louise, the lodge accommodates up to 22 skiers, a region-defining must-visit for backcountry aficionados.
Skoki radiates the kind of authenticity that inspires exploration — and not just the popular pastime of climbing and skiing down surrounding peaks. It also makes you wonder what other gems the Front Range conceals, for which you need look no further than the nearby town of Banff, where you’ll find railroad magnate Cornelius Van Horne’s Banff Springs Hotel, a paean to post-Renaissance opulence first opened in 1888, and historic Cave and Basin hot springs, whose discovery kicked off Canada’s entire national park system. There’s also more skiing to be had at the charming and steep-pitched Mount Norquay adjacent to the Banff townsite, as well as further south (see “Jewels of Alberta skiing,” left). The Front Range lacks nothing for diversity.
EVENTUALLY, MY WANDERINGS had led me to Sunshine Village. After a morning linking turns off popular Standish, Goat’s Eye and TeePee Town chairs, I’m about to experience Sunshine’s true test-piece, Delirium Dive, a massive alpine amphitheatre accessed via a metal catwalk staircase. Long a daredevil’s paradise, the Dive’s nasty reputation for unstable snow saw it closed for nearly two decades until Parks Canada figured out how to run avalanche control in its vast drainages to make it safe. When it reopened in 1998, skiers flocked to the Dive, legitimizing Alberta in the international annals of big-mountain resort skiing.
Snow squeaks under my skis as I tip into this latest postcard. I’ll ski some steep terrain, then make the exhilarating eightkilometre run to the Bourgeau parking lot and drive back to Banff. Along the way will be more views, more powder and a swim through the deep geology of a limestone canyon. After all, skiing may famously be the closest thing to flying without leaving the Earth, but in Alberta it’s also like diving into an ocean.
Leslie Anthony is many things — professor of zoology, adventure writer, poet and filmmaker among them. Based in Whistler, B.C., he’s a contributor to magazines such as Outside, explore, Powder and Mountain Life Annual.
A rundown of the big hills’ stats
By Leslie Anthony
Vertical drop: 914 metres
Summit/base elevations: 2,612/1,698 metres
Average annual snowfall: 4 metres
Number of lifts: 7
Number of runs: 86
Skiable hectares: 678
% beginner/intermediate/expert: 30/30/40
Vertical drop: 1,070 metres
Summit/base elevations: 2,730/1,658 metres
Average annual snowfall: up to 9 metres
Number of lifts: 12
Number of runs: 107
Skiable hectares: 1,359
% beginner/intermediate/expert: 20/55/25
Vertical drop: 991 m
Summit/base elevations: 2,637/1,646 metres
Average annual snowfall: 6–7 metres
Number of lifts: 10
Number of runs: 145
Skiable hectares: 1,700
% beginner/intermediate/expert: 25/45/30
Vertical drop: 503 metres
Summit/base elevations: 2,450/1,680 metres
Average annual snowfall: 3 metres
Number of lifts: 4
Number of runs: 38
Skiable hectares: 77
% beginner/intermediate/expert: 20/35/45
South of Banff is Kananaskis Country and the piste-cruiser’s paradise of Nakiska, the 1988 Winter Olympic alpine event venue and Calgary’s closest mountain, as well as KPOW cat-skiing, a backcountry experience operating at the former downhill area of Fortress Mountain.
Near Pincher Creek just southeast of the Crowsnest Pass lies Castle Mountain ski resort, a true Front Range ski experience where the frequent wind famously creates powder runs (and removes them) even when it isn’t snowing.
The new movement building flourishing tourism hubs across Canada – one sustainable example at a time
Blast to the past with a suite of historical tours
Remote locations and international clientele make the industry particularly vulnerable