Moths don’t have noses
They may not have a nose but they sure do have a strong sense of smell. All over the body of a moth are thousands of finely tuned smell and taste receptors. These come in the form of scales, bristles and pits found on moths’ feet, mouthparts and antennae. These receptors help moths find food, detect fungal diseases and parasites and find mates. A male moth can even smell a female more than seven miles away!
Some moths can survive underwater
Across the world, there are about 120,000 described species of aquatic moths, 11,000 of which can be found in North America. Aquatic moth larvae can be found in slow, still or rapidly flowing water bodies and tend to live amongst rocks or vegetation around riverbeds. Fancy-cased caterpillars, which are found in Hawaii, build houses for themselves in the shape of a burrito and can live underwater for weeks without coming up for air. As adults, these moths have a colourful, decorative fringe and can come in a variety of colours.
They can be faster than birds
With a need for speed, the hawk moth (Sphinx ligustri) is a fascinating species of moth that can fly up to 19 kilometres per hour. The hawk moth’s wingspan is approximately 12 cm in length and has a tongue that can be up to 30 cm long. This moth feeds very often which is needed to fly at such high speeds. Hawk moths are also agile flyers and can move quickly when confronted by an obstacle when moving from flower to flower.