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Heinrich Scherer's 1702 chart of the North Pole

People & Culture

Why the North Pole matters: An important history of challenges and global fascination

In this essay, noted geologist and geophysicist Fred Roots explores the significance of the symbolic point at the top of the world. He submitted it to Canadian Geographic just before his death in October 2016 at age 93.

  • 5188 words
  • 21 minutes

Exploration

Amundsen Gjoa 1903 Northwest Passage Inuit

Exploration

Lessons from the Northwest Passage: Roald Amundsen’s experiences in the Canadian Arctic

A foremost Amundsen expert shares some highlights from famed Norwegian explorer’s 1903-06 expedition to the North Pole 

  • 1877 words
  • 8 minutes

Exploration

A bridge of ice

Ken Hedges of the 1968-69 British Trans Arctic Expedition reflects on the perilous and ground-breaking journey

  • 3332 words
  • 14 minutes
The Thelon Wildlife Sanctuary is only accessible by bush plane or canoeing the Thelon River.

Exploration

Diary of a northern explorer

An 86-year-old journal provides insights into the perils of northern exploration

  • 1612 words
  • 7 minutes
Everest by sunrise

Exploration

The pull of Everest

A century after a Canadian was instrumental in charting the world's highest peak, a fellow Canadian reflects on the magnetism of Everest

  • 4083 words
  • 17 minutes
CAE ships anchored at Bernard Harbour, Nunavut, in 1914

Exploration

Canada’s unsung expedition

A century after the start of the thrilling expedition that strengthened claims to Canadian sovereignty in the Arctic, the first Canadian Arctic Expedition remains a largely unknown part of the country’s history

  • 1956 words
  • 8 minutes

Science & Tech

Travel

arctic

Arctic Indigenous Wellness Project, indigenous, suicide prevention, homelessness, therapy, education

People & Culture

For the North, by the North

A look back at some of the amazing projects that have won the $1-million Arctic Inspiration Prize

  • 883 words
  • 4 minutes
Canadian Hydrographic Survey launch, CSL Gannett

History

2014 Victoria Strait Expedition

This year's search is about much more than underwater archaeology. The Victoria Strait Expedition will contribute to northern science and communities.

  • 1205 words
  • 5 minutes
a collage of images of Nunavut, including an Inuit child, Aaju Peter, a polar bear, the community of Pond Inlet, Lamech Kadloo, the community of Kugluktuk, ice

People & Culture

Our land, our strength

Reflecting on 20 years of Canada's newest territory, Nunavut

  • 2081 words
  • 9 minutes
Canada, arctic, C3, expedition, northwest passage, icebreaker

Places

Photos: A voyage through the Northwest Passage

Photographer-In-Residence Michelle Valberg shares images of the Arctic from her time aboard the Canada C3 Expedition 

  • 605 words
  • 3 minutes
Two caribou silhouetted against a dark, rainy landscape

Wildlife

Caribou are vanishing at an alarming rate. Is it too late to save them?

After more than a million years on Earth, the caribou is under threat of global extinction. The precipitous decline of the once mighty herds is a tragedy that is hard to watch — and even harder to reverse.

  • 4558 words
  • 19 minutes

People & Culture

A photo of the author side by side with the cover of his book

People & Culture

Excerpt from Captain Cook Rediscovered: Voyaging to the Icy Latitudes

Captain Cook Rediscovered: Voyaging to the Icy Latitudes seeks to provide a fresh view on Cook's legacy from a North American perspective.

  • 1452 words
  • 6 minutes

Environment

Wildlife

Bulk Search Results

Marine mammal habitats in Canada's Arctic

People & Culture

Mapping human impact on the North with Canada’s Arctic Marine Atlas

A new atlas explores the delicate balance between the North and those who use its resources

  • 332 words
  • 2 minutes
Many Colville Lake locals spend their time in and around trapping cabins, preparing the pelts they’ve collected.

People & Culture

Traditional trapping in the North

Once a traditional way of life across Canada, trapping survives and even thrives in communities throughout the North, including Colville Lake, N.W.T.

  • 528 words
  • 3 minutes
Shene Catholique Valpy and her daughter Sahᾴí̜ʔᾳ.

People & Culture

Portraits of the North in isolation

Yellowknife-based photographer Pat Kane’s latest portrait project reveals how northern families are coping with self-isolation and physical distancing in the time of COVID-19

  • 309 words
  • 2 minutes
Paul Gleeson aboard the Arctic Joule

Exploration

Rowing the Northwest Passage and bearing witness to climate change

In his new book, Rowing the Northwest Passage, Canadian adventurer Kevin Vallely recounts his 2013 attempt to transit the famous Arctic route  

  • 1009 words
  • 5 minutes
Map of Churchill Harbour by Jens Munk, 1624

Exploration

Jens Munk: An expedition ahead of its time

Two hundred years before Franklin and 300 years before Amundsen, a daring Dane came closer to finding the Northwest Passage than anyone had before

  • 2409 words
  • 10 minutes
Conor and Kim Mihell in Nunavik

Exploration

Retracing the Carnegie Expeditions in Northern Quebec

We aim to experience and share the vast, little-publicized wilderness of Nunavik, formerly known as Ungava

  • 419 words
  • 2 minutes
Caving began to gain a foothold in Canada in the mid-1960s

Exploration

Subterranean trailblazers 

Caving: The ultimate underground sport

  • 5055 words
  • 21 minutes
George Kourounis RCGS flag Piro Peak North Korea

Exploration

Explorer George Kourounis completes expedition to North Korea

The host of Angry Planet and Fellow of The Royal Canadian Geographical Society reveals the natural beauty of one of the least-visited countries in the world

  • 270 words
  • 2 minutes
The expedition rests on an esker.

Exploration

Young explorers battle dry rivers, strong headwinds on Know the North expedition

At every turn, the RCGS-funded voyage has presented new challenges and untold wonders 

  • 371 words
  • 2 minutes
North Atlantic right whale in Gulf

Wildlife

Federal government announces new measures to protect endangered North Atlantic right whales

Following a deadly summer for the endangered whales, Fisheries and Oceans Canada is tightening regulations for crab fishers in the Gulf of St. Lawrence

  • 497 words
  • 2 minutes
One of two maps of Treaty 8 territory submitted as evidence in West Moberly First Nations

Mapping

When geography and the law collide

A case decided this week by the Supreme Court of British Columbia was, in essence, all about geography

  • 787 words
  • 4 minutes

Science & Tech

Scientists find fragment of ancient continent in northern Canada

Kimberlite samples retrieved from Baffin Island show the North Atlantic craton was 10 per larger than originally thought

  • 551 words
  • 3 minutes

Science & Tech

Researchers press for summer closures of two East Coast fishing grounds to help protect North Atlantic right whale

Population of the endangered whale estimated at 525 

  • 625 words
  • 3 minutes

Science & Tech

Finding a balance between development and traditional food sharing in the North

  • 383 words
  • 2 minutes
english Bay, Vancouver

Science & Tech

How Canada is preparing for the next big earthquake

The last megathrust earthquake to strike Canada was in 1700, and the clock is ticking. How we’re preparing for the impact.

  • 2964 words
  • 12 minutes
Bluefish Caves in the Yukon

Science & Tech

Humans inhabited North America 10,000 years earlier than previously thought

New study out of the Université de Montréal finds that humans occupied the Yukon's Bluefish Caves 24,000 years ago

  • 543 words
  • 3 minutes
North Atlantic Right whale undergoes necropsy on shores of P.E.I

Wildlife

Experts investigate recent deaths of six endangered North Atlantic right whales

The deaths are a major blow to the vulnerable population, which is estimated at around 500 individuals

  • 516 words
  • 3 minutes
Wayne Pollard Lost Hammer Spring

People & Culture

RCGS Fellow Wayne Pollard wins prestigious award

Research scientist Wayne Pollard shares insights on his work that earned him the 2019 Weston Family Prize for Lifetime Achievement in Northern Research

  • 1213 words
  • 5 minutes

History

How the Franklin find affects Canada’s claims to the North Pole

Could the Franklin ship help Canada's case? Not really, argues Michael Byers

  • 415 words
  • 2 minutes
Dean Hadley, centre, was the youngest crew member aboard the RCMPV St. Roch when schooner sailed through the Northwest Passage in the early 1940s. (Photo: VMM. Leonard McCann Archives. Parks Canada St. Roch Photograph Collection. HCSR-40-18. 1942 crew in uniform.)

People & Culture

From the prairies to the North Pole to NASA: Remembering Dean Hadley

Dean Hadley was the youngest member of the crew that first navigated the Northwest Passage west to east in 1940. He passed away last Friday at the age of 98.

  • 347 words
  • 2 minutes

Travel

Interactive map: see the northern lights across Canada

With solar activity at a peak this year, the northern lights may be visible farther south than usual. Find the best places near you to experience the aurora borealis.

  • 144 words
  • 1 minutes
Central Esker, northwestern Manitoba

Travel

Exploring the eskers in the “Land of little sticks”

The geological formations that surround Gangler's North Seal River Lodge in northwestern Manitoba are intriguing pathways to the past

  • 675 words
  • 3 minutes
Adam Lajeunesse at Ulukhaktok, N.W.T.

People & Culture

Q&A: Arctic policy expert Adam Lajeunesse on the future of Canada’s north

How Donald Trump, Russian icebreakers and a warming climate might affect the top of the world

  • 803 words
  • 4 minutes

Mapping

Map Monday: What makes a continent?

  • 718 words
  • 3 minutes

Mapping

Mapping traditional place names in Canada’s North

The staff of the Inuit Heritage Trust is racing across Canada’s North to document traditional Inuit place names before much of that knowledge passes on with the elders who hold it. Canadian Geographic sits down with lead researcher Lynn Peplinski.

  • 1890 words
  • 8 minutes

Mapping

China looks to use Northwest Passage for faster shipping

Chinese reports estimate the Northwest Passage would be 30 per cent faster than using the Panama Canal

  • 281 words
  • 2 minutes
Image: Google StreetView

Mapping

Google Street View maps more of Canada’s north

Thanks to Google’s popular Street View tool, armchair travelers can now explore three northern towns from the comfort of their desktop

  • 306 words
  • 2 minutes
A photo of P.G. Downes taken from his book, Sleeping Island

History

A new look at the ‘Old North’

Old journals offer a glimpse of the Canadian North in the days before World War II

  • 500 words
  • 2 minutes
mapping the north

History

Two geographers try to map Canada’s true North

Defining where southern Canada ends and the North begins is trickier than it seems

  • 247 words
  • 1 minutes

History

The untold story of the Hudson’s Bay Company

A look back at the early years of the 350-year-old institution that once claimed a vast portion of the globe

  • 4473 words
  • 18 minutes
Illustration: Nicholas Burns

People & Culture

New comic book features Inuit illustrations, stories

  • 664 words
  • 3 minutes
Laurie Sarkadi Voice in the Wild

People & Culture

Living off-grid in Canada’s North

In her memoir, Voice in the Wild, journalist Laurie Sarkadi shares stories from her nearly 30 years living off-grid in the Subarctic, with wolves, bears and caribou as her neighbours

  • 1632 words
  • 7 minutes
Shamans, Spirits, and Faith in the Inuit North

People & Culture

Shamans, Spirits, and Faith in the Inuit North

In this exclusive excerpt from Kenn Harper’s new book, the Arctic historian explores tales of Inuit and Christian beliefs and how these came to coexist — and sometimes clash — in the 19th and 20th centuries

  • 1888 words
  • 8 minutes

History

Book Review of Arctic Ambitions: Captain Cook and the Northwest Passage

“There has been much myth making about Cook the man and Cook the navigator.”

  • 494 words
  • 2 minutes

People & Culture

Q&A with arctic researcher Donald Forbes

  • 815 words
  • 4 minutes
The St. Roch

People & Culture

Northwest Passage trailblazer

Meet the first Canadian to navigate the treacherous Arctic sea route

  • 704 words
  • 3 minutes

People & Culture

Remembering former prime minister John Turner

John Turner, Canada’s 17th prime minister, has died at the age of 91

  • 1010 words
  • 5 minutes
right whale

Wildlife

Researchers urge summer closures of two East Coast fishing grounds to protect North Atlantic right whale

Population of the endangered whale estimated at 525 

  • 624 words
  • 3 minutes

Wildlife

New study finds birds will need to head further north

  • 366 words
  • 2 minutes
Wood thrush

Environment

New report sounds alarm on state of North American birds

One third of North America’s native bird species are in decline, according to a report released May18th

  • 97 words
  • 1 minutes

Environment

Laurier student wins Weston Award for Northern Research

Katherine Black is working to better understand the implications associated with the spread of green alder shrubs across the Arctic tundra

  • 220 words
  • 1 minutes
Adam Shoalts, Arctic, explorer, expedition, North, wildlife, canoe, RCGS

People & Culture

Exclusive: Adam Shoalts on his epic Trans-Canadian Arctic Expedition

Explorer Adam Shoalts, who completed his monumental 4,000-kilometre journey on September 6, speaks to Canadian Geographic about an expedition that calls to mind the likes of Vilhjalmur Stefansson and Joseph Tyrrell

  • 2702 words
  • 11 minutes

History

New quarters celebrate Canada’s North

  • 447 words
  • 2 minutes

People & Culture

Arctic Inspiration Prizes awards $3M to projects in the North

Projects focus on food sovereignty, youth

  • 454 words
  • 2 minutes
Dayo, an African penguin, sits on a tabletop where actress Taylor Thorne, in character as Taylor West, is completing homework

People & Culture

What it was like to work with penguins on the set of Northern Rescue

Meet the avian stars of Northern Rescue, the new family drama from CBC and Netflix 

  • 602 words
  • 3 minutes
Governor General David Johnston awards Arctic Inspiration Prize to one of the 2015 laureates, Better Hearing in Education for Northern Youth

People & Culture

Arctic Inspiration Prize awards $1.5 million to improve Northern communities

Three programs dedicated to advancing the quality of life in Canada’s northern communities received a much-needed funding boost on January 27 through the annual Arctic Inspiration Prize.

  • 439 words
  • 2 minutes

History

Throwback Thursday: crossing the Northwest Passage

Remembering the historic voyage to complete the elusive Northwest Passage from west to east.

  • 283 words
  • 2 minutes
A female pronghorn with her twins on the Canadian prairie. The species is hailed as a conservation success story, but its future is uncertain. (Photo: Sandra Forbes)

People & Culture

For the love of pronghorns

The story of a biologist’s lifelong study of an endangered species — and its future

  • 2999 words
  • 12 minutes