About "Map archive"

The stories behind historical maps from Library and Archives Canada's vast collection.

1768 map showing River Exploits flowing into Lieutenant's Lake, showing Beothuk mamateeks, deer fences and scarecrows.

John Cartwright didn't encounter any Beothuk when he set out to record this map, but he did observe their summer dwellings and hunting infrastructure.(Map: John Cartwright 1768/Library and Archives Canada)

Map: John Cartwright 1768/Library and Archives Canada
This map, “taken on the spot in the year 1768,” tells but a tiny piece of the story of Newfoundland’s bygone Beothuk
Four Canadian map entries have been recognized by the Cartography and Geographic Information Society in the 2020 Map Design Competition

This watercolour, dated 1832, shows the completed dam system and the Hogs Back Falls by the artist Henry Byam Martin. (Credit: Library and Archives Canada, Acc. No. 1981-42-5 Source: Dr. Nigel Davies, Gelati, Mexico. c115005k)

Art: Henry Byam Martin
Construction of the crucial Hogs Back Dam on Ottawa's Rideau Canal almost thwarted engineers
UN, United Nations, 1945, LAC

This map was produced for schools in 1947 and depicts the 55 member states of the United Nations as of 1946. It includes major events and quotes from great historical works and figures (from the Bible to Abraham Lincoln), and Canada’s own coastlines are marked with two of history’s many attempts to find the Northwest Passage. (Map: United Nations, L.G. Bullock. United Nations Map of the World. John Bartholomew & Son Ltd. Edinburgh 1948)

Map: United Nations, L.G. Bullock. United Nations Map of the World. John Bartholomew & Son Ltd. Edinburgh 1948
Tracing the history of the United Nations with a map, produced for schools in 1947 to commemorate the momentous coming together of the planet for a greater good

Cette carte, produite pour les écoles en 1947, montre les 55 États membres des Nations Unies en date de 1946 et commémore le grand moment lors duquel la planète s’est unie pour le plus grand bien de tous.
(Carte: United Nations, L.G. Bullock. United Nations Map of the World. John Bartholomew & Son Ltd. Edinburgh 1948)

Carte: United Nations, L.G. Bullock. United Nations Map of the World. John Bartholomew & Son Ltd. Edinburgh 1948
Retracer l’histoire des Nations Unies à l’aide d’une carte, réalisée pour les écoles en 1947 afin de commémorer le grand moment de l’union de la planète pour le plus grand bien

Map: Detail of Map to illustrate Mr. Kane’s travels [1845-1848] in the territory of the Hudson’s Bay Company, 1859, Edward Weller and Paul Kane, London, Longman & Co., Library and Archives Canada, e011303037. Stamp: Paul Kane, painter, 1971, Canada Post Corporation, Library and Archives Canada, s000605k, © Canada Post Corporation, 1971. Reproduced with permission.

The legacy of artist Paul Kane‘s epic 19th-century journey across Canada
Juno Beach map and Canadian soldiers

A map of the D-Day landing sites on Juno Beach and the surrounding communities (left). Canadian soldiers from Quebec’s Régiment de la Chaudière speak with residents of Bernières-sur-Mer on D-Day, June 6, 1944.
(Map: Detail of Juno area, Beach Chartlet. n.s., 1944, issued for Fleet Purposes by the Hydrographic Dept. of the Admiralty, 18th Feb. 1944 under the Superintendence of Vice-Admiral Sir John Edgell K.B.E., C.B., F.R.S., Hydrographer, 1944, Ian William Workman fonds, Library and Archives Canada, e011297133. Photo: Canadian soldiers, including Capt. M.A. Cardinal, from Régiment de la Chaudière with residents of Bernières-sur-Mer on June 6, 1944, Library and Archives Canada/Department of National Defence fonds/e010750632)

A map of Juno Beach, and Canadian soldiers in Normandy on D-Day
Marking the 75th anniversary of the Juno Beach landings
Map of Eastern Canada, and Joey Smallwood

A 1945 map of Eastern Canada and a picture of Joey Smallwood taken in 1949.

(Map: Detail of Geological map of the Dominion of Canada, map 820A [1 sheet of 2], published by Department of Mines and Resources, Mines and Geology Branch, Bureau of Geology and Topography, 1945, Robert Alexander MacKay fonds, Library and Archives Canada, e011202575. Photo: Joey R. Smallwood, 11 Jan. 1949, © Yousuf Karsh, Yousuf Karsh fonds, Library and Archives Canada, e004665476-v6.

Joey Smallwood and a map of Eastern Canada
How a divisive political battle put Newfoundland on the map
Map of Segezha, northwestern Russia

A map used to plan a surprise attack led by Canadians on Segezha, a village in northwestern Russia in February 1919. (Map credit: Proposed Operation at Segezha by Major Drake-Brockman, 1919-1920, John Edwards Leckie fonds, Library and Archives Canada, e011202552)

How Canadians went from fighting Germans in Europe to battling Bolsheviks in Russia after the First World War
Gatineau Park forest-cover map

A 1974 forest-cover map of Gatineau Park. The 361-square-kilometre protected area in southwestern Quebec is celebrating its 80th anniversary this year. (Map credit: Gatineau Park: Forest cover types / Department of the Environment [1974], © Government of Canada. Reproduced with the permission of Library and Archives Canada (2018), e011086587.)

Gatineau Park forest-cover map
This colourful forest-cover map, completed in 1974, provided invaluable information for the management of the National Capital Region’s cherished park
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