• Glacier in Chile. (Photo: Roberto Araya Barckhahn/Wikicommons)

Ever wonder how sea rise projections are made? Part of the equation comes down to glaciers - their size, quantity, and melt speed.

The projected effects of climate change are going to get a little more precise, thanks to the work of an international team of scientists led by Trent University Professor Graham Cogley. They've published the first map of almost all of the world's glaciers - 198,000 of them to be exact.

Using satellite images and a digital elevation model, they collected a massive wealth of data on Earth's iciest swaths. It all goes back to one massive data repository: the Randolph Glacier Inventory, or RGI.

The RGI gives each glacier it's own digital body-double, making glacier-climate forecasts more precise.

"This means that people can now do research that they simply could not do before," said Cogley, "It's now possible to conduct much more robust modeling for what might happen to these glaciers in the future."

The team's global map of glaciers means that the total extent within the RGI is somewhere in the vicinity of 727,000 square kilometers - an area about the size of Germany, Denmark and Poland combined.

According to co-lead author Tad Pfeffer, it is the smaller glaciers we should be worrying about, both now and over the next century. Pfeffer teaches at the University of Colorado-Boulder, where he's also a fellow at the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research.

The team included 74 scientists from 18 countries, most working on an unpaid, volunteer basis. The paper appeared in the Journal of Glaciology.